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莫笑愚de午夜驪歌

一個人de獨舞——在文字構築的視覺花園。

 
 
 

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一个孤独的旅人,一个人生的探险者,一个人间过客。从东半球到西半球,从城市到城市,从落日到落日,流浪、行走、品味生活。在命运之河驾一叶扁舟,用虔诚的朝圣者灵魂,赞美荆棘、爱和死亡。

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【原创译文】何谓后现代主义诗歌?  

2013-07-27 19:35:59|  分类: 莫笑译诗 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【原创译文】何谓后现代主义诗歌? - 莫笑愚 - 莫笑愚de午夜骊歌

 

       后现代主义诗歌作为一种诗歌类型,大约始于20世纪60年代,它往往涉及诗歌的风格和主题等方面。这类诗歌通常在写作上非常自由,并且旨在反映思想的过程或通过意识流风格进行“有机的”言说。这类诗歌有时很难阅读或理解,而这通常是诗人有意为之,并作为一种诗歌向读者反观的方式。后现代主义诗歌通常涉及无意义或缺乏现实感的主题,并且常常从生存的角度进行演绎。
       “后现代主义诗歌”有可能给许多人带来极大的困惑,尽管其背后的思想极为简单且易于理解。“后现代主义”简单来说不过是艺术和写作在“现代主义”运动之后开创的一种风格,通常被描述为产生于20世纪的两次世界大战前后的艺术创作。不过,在1960年代,它归功于美国各地兴起的反文化运动带来的艺术表达新范式。
       后现代主义诗歌往往包括躁动的主题,而且通常具有非常自由的写作格式。换行和结构可以看起来十分混乱或毫无意义,但这种不寻常的换行通常也是刻意为之。在老式诗歌形式里思想通常通过分行和标点加以表达,后现代主义诗歌则利用不稳定的分行来表明世界的混沌和不确定形态。这种诗歌意在强化这样一种理念,即诗歌形式毫无意义,并且主观目的不能被强加于诗歌创作。 

       后现代诗歌的话语秩序和词汇选择,也可能是复杂或难于理解的。这类诗歌的叙事可以仅仅遵从诗人的思想并通过意识流的风格写成,而根本不会考虑读者。这通常也是故意而为的,旨在提醒读者,他们在诗外,且只看到了诗人希望他看到的。这类诗歌甚至可能模仿读者对诗歌进行创造性解读的意图,反映出诗人和读者之间的距离。
       后现代主义诗歌经常使用存在或虚无的主题。虽然存在主义和后现代主义并非同义词,但它们却高度相关。这类诗歌也许表明,世界和生活是毫无意义的,或者人类试图强加于它的一切最终缺乏意义。这些主题并不一定意在令人沮丧,而是旨在将读者从他们熟悉并感觉良好的氛围推开,从而以全新的方式来看待这个世界。

 

       (莫笑愚译,2013-07-27于北京)

 

附原文:

What Is Postmodern Poetry?

Postmodern poetry is a type of poetry that has been explored since about the 1960s and is often noted for a few stylistic and thematic aspects. This poetry is often written in a way that is quite free form and meant to reflect the process of thought or organic speaking through a stream of consciousness style. These types of poems can be difficult to read and understand, and this is often done on purpose as a way of reflecting the poem back toward the reader. Postmodern poetry often deals with themes of meaninglessness or lack of reality, and frequently demonstrates an existential point of view.

The term “postmodern poetry” can lead to a great deal of confusion for many people, though the ideas behind such poems are fairly easy to understand. “postmodern” simply indicates a style that followed the “modern” movement in art and writing, which is often described as the work around and just following the two World Wars of the 20th century. In the 1960s, however, the counterculture movement found throughout much of the US resulted in new types of artistic expression.

Postmodern poetry often includes themes of restlessness and is usually written in a very free format. Line breaks and structures can be chaotic or seemingly meaningless, though there is usually a purpose for the unusual breaks. While ideas were often expressed in older forms of poetry through the separation of lines and punctuation, postmodern poetry utilizes erratic line breaks to indicate the chaotic shapelessness of the world. The very form of the poem serves to reinforce the idea that forms are meaningless and that purpose cannot be imposed upon the work.

Word order and choice in postmodern poetry can also be complicated or difficult to understand. The narrative of such poems might be written in a stream of consciousness style that follows the thoughts or words of the speaker without consideration for the reader. This is usually intentional and serves to remind the reader that he or she is outside of the poem and only seeing what the poet wishes him or her to see. Such poems may even mock the reader’s attempts to create meaning from the work, and reflect the separation between the poet and the audience.

Postmodern poetry can frequently deal with existential or nihilistic themes. While existentialism and postmodernism are not synonymous, they are frequently related. Such poetry might suggest that the world and life are meaningless, or ultimately devoid of a purpose mankind attempts to impose upon it. These themes are not necessarily meant to be depressing, but instead are used in an attempt to push the reader beyond his or her comfort zone and consider the world in new ways.

 

 原文链接:http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-postmodern-poetry.htm

 图片来自网络,致谢!

 

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